Comp Glossary E

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English Term Definition Amharic Translation
Each other one another እርስበርስ
echo The process of Access updating or repainting the screen while a macro is running. የገደል ማሚቶ
edge connector The part of an adapter that plugs into an expansion slot. ጠርዝ አገናኝ
Edge lighting A scheme for shining light at a liquid crystal display (LCD) to improve readability in bright light conditions. የጠርዝ መብራት
Edit To make a change to something. አርትእ
edit box Also known as a text box, an edit box is a rectangular window in which a user can enter and edit text. አርታኢ ሳጥን
Edit Hyperlink Command in several applications that allows the user to edit an existing hyperlink, for example in a document. Appears when you right-click an existing hyperlink, for example in a Word document. ገፅ አገናኝ አርታኢ
Edit Picture Command in Word, for example, to allow the user to edit an inserted pictures. Appears on the shortcut menu when you insert clipart in a document and right-click. ስእልን አርትእ
Edit Series Command to enable generating and formatting a series in spreadsheet ተከታታዮችን አርትእ
Edit Text A command to enable editing text ጽሑፉን አርትእ
Edit Trust To make a change to a logical relationship established between domains to allow pass-through authentication, in which a trusting domain honors the logon authentications of a trusted domain. መተማመኛን አርትእ
editor A program that creates files or makes changes to existing files. FrontPage has both a web page editor and an HTML editor. You can also associate files with external editors. አርታኢ
Effect Change or changed status occurring as a direct result of action by somebody or something else ተጽእኖ
effective group ID Every process has an effective group ID that is used to determine file access permissions. A process\'s effective group ID is determined by the file (command) that process is executing. If that file\'s set-group-ID bit is set (located in the mode of the file, see mode), the process\'s effective group ID is set equal to the file\'s group ID. This makes the process appear to belong to the file\'s group, perhaps enabling the process to access files that must be accessed in order for the program to execute successfully. If the file\'s set-group-ID bit is not set, the process\'s effective group ID is inherited from the process\'s parent. The setting of the process\'s effective group ID lasts only as long as the program is being executed, after which the process\'s effective group ID is set equal to its real group ID. See group, real group ID, and set-group-ID bit. የቡድን ፈቃድ መለያ
effective user ID A process has an effective user ID that is used to determine file access permissions (and other permissions with respect to system calls, if the effective user ID is 0, which means superuser). A process\'s effective user ID is determined by the file (command) that process is executing. If that file\'s set-user-ID bit is set (located in the mode of the file, see mode), the process\'s effective user ID is set equal to the file\'s user ID. This makes the process appear to be the file\'s owner, enabling the process to access files which must be accessed in order for the program to execute successfully. (Many HP-UX commands which are owned by root, such as mkdir and mail, have their set-user-ID bit set so other users can execute these commands.) If the file\'s set-user-ID bit is not set, the process\'s effective user ID is inherited from that process\'s parent. See real user ID and set-user-ID bit. የልዩ ተጠቃሚ መታወቂያ
electronic data interchange (edi) A standard for the electronic exchange of business documents, such as invoices and purchase orders. ኤሌክትሮናዊ የውሂብ ልውውጥ (ኤውል)
electronic mail same as e-mail ኤሌክትሮኒካዊ ሜይል
electrostatic printer A printer that relies on the attraction between oppositely charged particles to draw toner to appear. ኤሌክትሮስታቲካዊ ማተሚያ
element 1. Synonymous with \"item\". 2. One of the items of data in an array. 3. In XML, an element is always represented either by an explicit start tag and end tag, or by an empty element tag (\"\'a\"). አባል
elite A typeface that printer 12 characters per inch (cpi). ኤሊት
ellipsis The “...” suffix added to a menu item or button label to indicate that the command requires additional information to be completed. When the user chooses the command, a dialog box is usually displayed for user input of this additional information. አስጨምሬ
em dash Character: — አቢይ ሰረዝ
e-mail The exchange of electronic text messages and computer file attachments between computers over a communications network, such as a local area network or the Internet. ኢሜይል ላክ
e-mail electronic mail, a message sent or received over a computer network; It has the sender e-mail address, the receipent e-mail address and the message ኢሜይል
e-mail account The server name, user name, password, and e-mail address used by Outlook to connect to an e-mail service. You create the e-mail account in Outlook using information provided by your administrator or Internet service provider (ISP). ኢሜይል መለያ
e-mail address Unique address of electronic mail. የኢሜይል አድራሻ
e-mail box A storage space on a mail server allocated for a user to store incoming and outgoing emails. የኢሜይል ሳጥን
E-mail Harvester A person or software that searches the Internet looking for valid e-mail addresses. e-mail addresses are compiled into directories that are purchased and maintained by spammers. ኢሜይል አድራሻ ሰብሳቢ
e-mail message A message created for delivery via e-mail. መልእክተ ኢሜይል
e-mail server E-mail server: A computer that stores e-mail messages. የኢሜይል አገልጋይ
embed To insert a copy of an OLE object from another application. The source of the object, called the OLE server, can be any application that supports object linking and embedding. Changes to an embedded object are not reflected in the original object. ክተት
embedded chart A chart created within a worksheet rather than as a separate chart document. የተካተተ ገበታ
embedded hyperlink A hyperlink that is incorporated into a piece of text. የተካተተ ገጽ አገናኝ
embedded object Information (object) that is contained in a source file and inserted into a destination file. Once embedded, the object becomes part of the destination file. Changes you make to the embedded object are reflected in the destination file. የተካተተ ነገር
emphasis The use of a non-Roman type style-such as underlining, italic, bold, or small caps typeface-to highlight a word or phrase. አፅንኦት
Empty Adj: Containing nothing. ባዶ
emulation The duplication within a device of another devices functional capability, or a device designed to work exactly like another. ማስመሰል
en dash Character: – ንዑስ ሰረዝ
Enable To activate አንቃ
enclose 1. To surround on all sides; close in; to fence in so as to prevent common use: enclosed the pasture; to contain, especially so as to envelop or shelter. 2. One of a pair of marks, ( ), used to enclose written or printed material or to indicate a mathematical expression considered in some sense a single quantity. እጠር
Encoding The process of turning data into a stream of bits. Encoding is part of the serialization process that converts data into a stream of ones and zeros so that it can be transmitted over a serial line. መቀየር
Encrypt To programmatically disguise content to hide its substance. አመስጥር
encryption A way of making data unreadable to everyone except the receiver. An increasingly common way of sending credit card numbers over the Internet when conducting commercial transactions. ማመስጠር
End To terminate, cease, cessation, close, completion, ending, end of the line, finish, stop, stopping point, termination ጨርስ
END key Key on the keyboard. ጨራሽ ቁልፍ
End of File (EOF) A flag bit indicating the file reader that it has reached the end of a file. If this bit is found, no more bytes to read. የፋይል መጨረሻ (ፋመ)
End time The time a meeting ends, as opposed to Start time. Used in Microsoft Outlook, Calendar, Actions, New Appointment. መጨረሻ ሰዓት
end user The actual user of the product as opposed to the manufacturer or companies that resell the product. ዋና ተጠቃሚ
end user license The online agreement that accompanies all Microsoft software. Sometimes referred to as EULA (end-user license agreement) የተጠቃሚ ፈቃድ
endnote Footnotes and endnotes are used in printed documents to explain, comment on, or provide references for text in a document. Footnotes are used for detailed comments and endnotes for citation of sources. ግርጌ ማስታወሻ
End-of-file (EOF) (1) The data returned when attempting to read past the logical end of a file via stdio(3S) routines. In this case, end-of-file is not properly a character. (2) The ASCII character Ctrl-D. (4) The return value from read(2) that indicates end of data. የፋይል መጨረሻ ምልክት (ፋመም)
Energy Star Power conservation requirements set forth by the Environmental Protection Agency of the U.S. government. In order to display the Energy Star logo, devices (PCs, monitors, printers, etc.) must use less than 30 watts of power when inactive. ኢነርጂ ስታር
Enhanced CD A standard created by Microsoft corporation for audio compact disks. This standard enables audio CD publishers to include digital information on compact disks. መደበኛ ሲዲ
Enhanced Graphics Display A color digital monitor designed to work only with the IBM Enhanced Graphics Adaptor (EGA). የመደበኛ ንድፍ ማሳያ (መንማ)
enhanced keyboard The modern keyboard standard. An enhanced keyboard has 101 keys, including a numeric keypad, 12 function keys, and several navigation keys. መደበኛ የቁልፍ ሰሌዳ
enter Verb. As in \"enter text\" አስገባ
ENTER key Key on the keyboard. አስገቢ ቁልፍ
Entire Network Item in My Network Places folder in Windows. Displays all computers, printers, files and people on your network. በመላ አውታረ መረቡ
entry A record or notation of an occurrence, transaction, or proceeding. Entering something (e.g. text) ምዝግብ
entry bar Same as \"formula bar\" - The bar below the tool bar that displays the content of a cell or line. Used mainly in spreadsheets. የምዝግብ አሞሌ
envelope printer A printer designed specifically to print names, addresses, and usually U.S. postal service POSTNET codes. ፖስታ አታሚ
Envelopes Meaning postal envelopes. Used in Microsoft Word, Tools menu, Letters and mailings, Envelopes and labels ኤንቨሎፕ
environment Especially used to mean \"software environment\", for example in the Software Environment category in the \"System Information\" applet in Windows, which contains information about your system configuration, including details about system drivers, environment variables, and current print jobs አካባቢ
EPROM Acronym for erasable programmable read-only memory ኢፕሮም
EPS Encapsulated PostScript. An extension of the PostScript graphics file format developed by Adobe Systems. EPS enables PostScript graphics files to be incorporated into other documents. ኢፒኤስ
Equal Sign The sign \'=\' የይሆናል ምልክት
Equation Editor Name of applet supplied with Office that allows you to insert mathematical equation symbols. You start it by choosing Word, Insert menu, Object, Create new እኩልታ ትየባ
Equation typesetting Codes in a word processing document that cause the program to print multiline equations, including mathematical symbols such as integrals and summation signs. እኩልታ ትይብቅምጥ
erasable optical disk drive A read/write data storage medium that uses a laser and reflected light to store and retrieve data on an optical disk. ተሰራዥ በሲራዊ ሸክላ አንጻፊ
Erase To remove data permanently from a storage medium. አጥፋ
Ergonomic keyboard A keyboard designed to reduce strain on the wrists which can result in repetitive stress injury (RSI). ምቹ የቁልፍ ሰሌዳ
Ergonomics The science of designing machines, tools, computers, and physical work areas so that people find them easy and healthful to use. ስነምቾት
error A value or condition that is not consistent with the true, specified, or expected value or condition. In computers, an error results when an event does not occur as expected or when impossible or illegal maneuvers are attempted. In data communications, an error occurs when there is a discrepancy between the transmitted and received data. ስህተት
error bars Usually used in statistical or scientific data, error bars show potential error or degree of uncertainty relative to each data marker in a series. የስህተት ጠቋሚ
error log File that lists errors during an operation. መዝገበ ስህተት
error message A developer-predefined descriptive message to warn user that there\'s been a program error. መልክተ ስህተት
ESC key Key on the keyboard. ሙጻእ ቁልፍ
escape character In telnet, a command (often Ctrl + C) that enables you to interrupt the link with the Telnet server so that you can communicate directly with your Telnet client. The escape character comes in handy when the Telnet server isn\'t responding. ማቋረጫ ቁምፊ
escape code A series of characters, combining Esc (ASCII value 27) with one or more ASCII characters, that you can use to change screen colors, control the cursor, create special prompts, reasign keys on the keyboard and change your printer\'s settings (to compressed type or bold, for example). ማምለጫ ኮድ
Evaluate To make a judgment as to the worth or value of: appraise, assess, calculate, estimate, size up, valuate. መዝን
evaluation The act or result of judging the worth or value of something or someone: appraisal, appraisement, assessment, estimate, estimation, judgment, valuation ምዘና
event An action recognized by an object, such as a mouse click or key press, for which you can define a response. An event can be caused by a user action or a Visual Basic statement, or it can be triggered by the system. ክስተት
every each ሁሉ
Exactly Command used in Word, Format menu, Paragraph, Indents and Spacing, Line Spacing, \"Exactly\" በትክክል
Example sample; model ምሳሌ
Exception Events that occur during the execution of a program and that require the execution of software outside the normal flow of control የተለየ
exclamation point Character: ! ትእምርተ አንክሮ
exclusive A type of access to data in a database shared over a network. When you open a database in exclusive mode, you prevent others from opening the database. ለብቻ
executable program EXE file የሚሰራ ፍርግም
execute To perform an instruction. In programming, execution implies loading the machine code of the program into memory and then performing the instructions. ሥራ
execution The process of carrying out the instructions in a computer program by a computer. Performing of something: the carrying out of an action, instruction, command, or movement . አሰራር
exist Occur: to be present or found in a particular place or situation ማለት (ለ ይጠብቃል)
existing Present: currently present, in operation, or available ያለ (ለ ይጠብቃል)
Exit Exit an application. In a program, to move from the called routine back to the calling routine. A routine can have more than one exit point, thus allowing termination based on various conditions. ውጣ
expand In connection with decompressing files. ዘርጋ
expand (an outline) Used in connection with outlines in Microsoft Word (View menu). Opposite of collapse ዘርጋ
Expand icon To display the subsections (or subdirectories) under main sections (or directories). አዶ ዘርጋ
expand memory board An adapter that adds expanded memory to an IBM PC-compatible computer. አስታውሴ ማስፋፊያ ሰሌዳ
expand type A type face that places characters farther apart or makes the characters wider so that there are fewer characters per inch (cpi). ዘርዘር አድርግ (ለፊደል)
expansion slot A receptacle connected to the computer\'s expansion bus, designed to accept adapters. የማስፋፊያ መሰኪያ
Explain To define; expound; illustrate ግለጽ
exploded pie graph A pie chart in which one or more of the slices is offset slightly (exploded) from the others to emphasize the data represented by the exploded slice. ንጥልጥል አምባሻ ንድፍ
explore Investigate, search; to investigate systematically; examine: explore every possibility. አስስ
explorer Refers to Windows Explorer or Internet Explorer. ኤክስፕሎረር
export Process of creating a data copy in the format different from the native format of the application, for use in other programs. ላክ
express installation Act of installing an application in a quick manner, usually installing only the necessary part of application just enough to run the application. ፈጣን ጭነት
express setup To install and configure hardware or software in a quick manner by usually installing only the necessary part of software just enough to run the software. ፈጣን ውቅር
expression A combination of operators, field names, functions, literals, and constants that evaluates to a single value. Expressions can specify criteria (such as Order Amount>10000) or perform calculations on field values (such as Price*Quantity). የሒሳብ ሐረግ
extend For example a selection or an outline አሰፋ
extended character set A 256-character set stored in a computers read-only memory (ROM) that includes in addition to the 128 ASCII character codes, a collection of foreign language, technical and block graphics characters. የተበራከተ ቁምፊ ስብስብ
extended selection A selection technique that is optimized for selection of a single object or single range using contiguous selection techniques (that is, canceling any existing selection when a new selection is made). ሰፊ ምርጫ
extension The last characters following a period in a file name. These characters usually indicate the kind of information that is stored in the file. ቅጥያ
external 1. Outside: situated on, happening on, or coming from the outside 2. Outside something’s scope: existing outside the body or mind, or the limits of something ውጫዊ
external command An MS DOS command that executes a program. ውጪያዊ ትዕዛዝ
external data Data that is stored outside of Excel. Examples include databases created in Access, dBASE, SQL Server, or on a Web server. ውጫዊ ውሂብ
external hard disk A hard disk equipped with its own case, cables, and power supply. External hard disks usually cost more than internal hard disks of comparable speed and capacity. ውጪያዊ ዋና ዲስክ
external reference formula In spreadsheet programs, a formula placed in a cell that creates a link to another spreadsheet. ውጪያዊ ማጣቀሻ ቀመር
Extract 1. To remove or duplicate items from a larger group in a systematic manner. 2. In programming, to derive one set of characters from another by using a mask (pattern) that determines which characters to remove. ማውጣት