Comp Glossary M

Jump to navigation Jump to search


English Term Definition Amharic Translation
macro An action or a set of actions you can use to automate tasks. Macros are recorded in the Visual Basic for Applications programming language. ማክሮ
macro virus Virus spreading by using macros. ማክሮ ቫይረስ
Magnetic disk A random-access storage medium that\'s the most popular method for storing and retrieving computer programs and data files. መግነጢሳዊ ዲስክ
Magnetic medium A secondary storage medium that uses magnetic techniques to store and retrieve data on disks or tapes coated with magnetically sensitive materials. መግነጢሳዊ ማከማቻ
Magnifier The Windows Magnifier is an Accessibility Tool that comes with Windows. It allows you to create a magnified area of your screen that can move around with either your cursor, keyboard or text editing movements. አጉሊ
Mail Most often synonymous with \"e-mail\", but is also used about ordinary \"postal mail\" in some contexts. Be careful to check this when translating. ደብዳቤ
Mail bombing A form of harassment that involves sending numerous large electronic mail message to a person\'s electronic box. የደብዳቤ ጥቃት
mail merge The process of combining information from a data source with a publication to print a batch of individually customized publications. ውህድደብዳቤ
Mail Message An e-mail message የደብዳቤ መልእክት
Mail Options Options for setting up e-mail የደብዳቤ ምርጫ
Mail package A utility program that manages the sending and receiving of electronic mail messages for electronic computer. የደብዳቤ ባኮ
mail recipient Person intended or actually receiving mail. ደብዳቤ ተቀባይ
mail server A computer loaded with a mailer program and dedicated to handling messaging activities in a company ደብዳቤ አገልጋይ
mail system Should refer to \"Electronic mail system\". Email can be used to send messages through the Internet. It is sent to an electronic mailbox and transmitted to the recipient\'s computer. ሥርዓተ መልእክት
mailbox Outlook, Outlook Express and mail messaging term: What you see, when you open the application to read your mails የመልእክት ሳጥን
mailing label Should refer to a computer routine that generates address label መልእክት መሰየሚያ
mailing list Used in connection with e-mail የአድራሻ ዝርዝር
main document In a mail-merge operation in Word, the document that contains the text and graphics that are the same for each version of the merged document, for example, the return address or salutation in a form letter. ዋና ሰነድ
major gridlines Lines extending from the tick marks on an axis across the plot area, corresponding to the major (coarse) unit of measurement of a chart - for example, centimeters. As opposed to minor gridlines, extending from the tick marks corresponding to the finer units. ዐቢይ ፍርግርግ መስመሮች
Male connector In cables, a cable terminator and connection device in which the pins protrude from the connectors surface. Male connectors plug into female connector. ወንዴ ጫፍ
Manage administer; direct; supervise ምነጃ
Manage Lists right A right that allows a user to add, modify, and remove lists, document libraries, discussion boards, and surveys. የዝርዝሮች የምነጃ መብት
Manager Supervisor or boss in the workplace, usually used in connection with address information. But may also refer to a component in the software that controls something, for example \"Device Manager\" in Windows. መናጅ
Manual To handle something manually (as opposed to automatically) በእጅ
manual feed About feeding paper or envelopes into printers በእጅ መግብ
manual line break See Word በእጅ መስመር መላሽ
manual link Whenever source data changes, the user is required to update the link to the primary document. Compare automatic link. የእጅ አገናኝ
manual page break See Word ገፅ ከፋይ
MAPI The Microsoft interface specification that allows different messaging and workgroup applications (including e-mail, voice mail, and fax) to work through a single client, such as the Exchange client included with Windows 95 and Windows NT. ማፒ
margin The blank space outside the printing area on a page. ህዳግ
Mark 1) In applications and data storage, a symbol or other device used to distinguish one item from others like it. 2) To make a visible trace or impression on, as with a spot, line, or dent. ምልክት
Mark as Read To set the status of an email to \"Read\" (as opposed to \"Unread\") የተነበበ
Mark as Unread To set the status of an emails to \"Unread\" (as opposed to \"Read\") ያልተነበበ
marker Part of a data communications signal that enables the communications equipment to recognize the structure of the message. Examples are the start and stop bits that frame a byte in asynchronous serial communications. አመልካች
markup Comments and tracked changes such as insertions, deletions, and formatting changes. View markup when you want to process tracked changes and comments. Print a document with markup to keep a record of changes made to a document. ለውጥ ያዥ
marquee Originally, a permanent canopy often of metal and glass projecting over an entrance (as of a hotel or theater). In MS Office, a complex UI object with scrolling text, offers large variety of text effects, such as vertical and horizontal scrolling text. መልሶ መልስ
mask n. A binary value used to selectively screen out or let through certain bits in a data value. Masking is performed by using a logical operator (AND, OR, XOR, NOT) to combine the mask and the data v ጭምብል
mask To cover in order to conceal, protect, or disguise. ደብቅ
master A slide view or page on which you define formatting for all slides or pages in your presentation. Each presentation has a master for each key component, slides, title slides, speaker’s notes, and audience handouts. ዋና
master document A container for a set of separate files (or subdocuments). You can use a master document to set up and manage a multipart document, such as a book with several chapters. ዋና ሰነድ
master page A master object, usually in hierarchy. Also, an original object from which copies can be made. For example, a parent page object in Microsoft Publisher object model hierarchy. ዋና ገፅ
master record A \"parent\" record in a hierarchy of a specific application data model relationship, or in general one-to-many relationships. ዋና መዝገብ
match Verb. Used in searches where something is identical to what you are looking for (something \"matches\" something else). አዛምድ
match Noun. A match is an occurrence of something that is identical to what you were looking for. አቻ
match case About finding text in documents with identical use of capitals and lower case letters. Used in several applications. ሆሄያትን አመሳስል
matrix An arrangement of rows and columns used for organizing related items, such as numbers, dots, spreadsheet cells, or circuit elements. Matrices are used in mathematics for manipulating rectangular sets of numbers. In computing and computer applications, matrices are used for the similar purpose of arranging sets of data in table form, as in spreadsheets and lookup tables. In hardware, matrices of dots are used in creating characters on the screen as well as in print (as by dot-matrix printers). In electronics, matrices of diodes or transistors are used to create networks of logic circuits for such purposes as encoding, decoding, or converting information. ማትሪክስ
matte A motion-picture effect in which part of a scene is blocked out and later replaced by footage containing other material (as a background painting). ደብዛዛ
Max Stands for an abbreviation of Maximum, ከፍተኛ
maximize To make a window its largest size. See also minimize. አስፋ
Maximize button See maximized window ማስፊያ አዝራር
maximized window In graphical user interfaces, a maximized window is a window enlarged to its maximum size. In Windows and Macintosh environments, the buttons for minimizing and maximizing windows are located in the top right corner of the window. የሰፋ መስኮት
MB Megabyte (e.g. 1.2 MB) ኤምቢ
measure Verb. To measure something, for example the length of an item. ለካ
measurement a figure, extent, or amount obtained by measuring ልክ
measurement the act or process of measuring መለካት
Mechanical mouse A mouse that relies on metal rollers, which are turned by the mouse\'s rubberized ball, to communicate its movements to the central processing unit (CPU). ሜካኒካል መዳፊት
Media Can be either 1. Any fixed or removable objects that store computer data. Examples include hard disks, floppy disks, tapes, and compact discs. Or 2. media data such as audio, video, radio ማህደረመረጃ
medium As opposed to high and low አማካይ
Meeting Request In Outlook>File>New>Meeting Request የስብሰባ ጥያቄ
Members parts; organs; አባላት
memo An informal written note of a transaction or proposed instrument. Often used to refer to intra-company notes. ማስታወሻ
memory Internal storage areas in the computer. The term memory identifies data storage that comes in the form of chips, and the word storage is used for memory that exists on tapes or disks. Moreover, the term memory is usually used as a shorthand for physical memory, which refers to the actual chips capable of holding data. Some computers also use virtual memory, which expands physical memory onto a hard disk. Every computer comes with a certain amount of physical memory, usually referred to as main memory or RAM. You can think of main memory as an array of boxes, each of which can hold a single byte of information. A computer that has 1 megabyte of memory, therefore, can hold about 1 million bytes (or characters) of information. ማህደረ ትውስታ
menu A list of commands that is displayed when you click a menu name on a menu bar or other toolbar. ምናሌ (ሌ ይጠብቃል)
menu bar The horizontal bar below the title bar that contains the names of menus. A menu bar can be the built-in menu bar or a custom menu bar. ምናሌ አሞሌ
menu button A command button that is used to display a menu. የምናሌ አዝራር
menu item A choice on a menu. ምናሌ ዓይነት
menu name Text label used to name and describe a menu command, ምናሌ ስም
menu title A textual or graphic label that designates a particular menu. For drop-down menus, the title is the entry in the menu bar; for cascading menus the menu title is the name of its parent menu item. ምናሌ ርእስ
merge To become combined into one, such as address data and address template merge to form a list of mailing addresses. አዋህድ
merge field A placeholder that you insert in the main document. For example, insert the merge field \"City\" to have Word insert a city name, such as \"Paris\", that\'s stored in the City data field. አዋሃጅ መስክ
Merge to merge with another item ከ... ጋር አዋህድ
Message Can refer to either 1. an email message or 2. a notification መልእክት
message box A secondary window that is displayed to inform a user about a particular condition. የመልእክት ሳጥን
message catalog Program strings, such as program messages and prompts, are stored in a message catalog corresponding to a particular geographical area. Retrieval of a string from a message catalog is based on the value of the user\'s LANG environment variable (see LANG). የመልእክት መዘርዝር
Message Class የመልእክት መደብ
message header Message header: Summary information that you download to your computer to determine whether to download, copy, or delete the entire message from the server. The header includes these fields: Subject, From, Received, Importance, Attachment, and Size. ርዕሰ መልእክት
messaging About sending messages via your computer. Can refer to e-mail and to chat applications like Instant Messaging. አላላክ
metafile A vector-based graphic. Metafiles are represented as collections of lines rather than pixels, so you can manipulate them without the distortions common to bitmap (raster) graphics. ልዕለ ፋይል
method A procedure similar to a statement or function that operates on specific objects. For example, you can apply the Print method to the Debug object to transfer printed output to the Immediate window. ሜተድ
Microcomputer Any computer with its arithmetic logic unit (ALU) and control unit contained on one integrated circuit called a microprocessor. ቅልብጭ ኮምፒውተር(ቅልብጭ:-ቅልጥፍ፤ቅልጥፍ ያለ ማለት ነው)
Microphone A device that converts sounds into electrical signals that may be processed by a computer. ማይክሮፎን
microprocessor A silicon chip that contains a CPU. In the world of personal computers, the terms microprocessor and CPU are used interchangeably. At the heart of all personal computers and most workstations sits a microprocessor. Microprocessors also control the logic of almost all digital devices, from clock radios to fuel-injection systems for automobiles. Three basic characteristics differentiate microprocessors: Instruction set: The set of instructions that the microprocessor can execute. bandwidth : The number of bits processed in a single instruction. clock speed : Given in megahertz (MHz), the clock speed determines how many instructions per second the processor can execute. In both cases, the higher the value, the more powerful the CPU. For example, a 32-bit microprocessor that runs at 50MHz is more powerful than a 16-bit microprocessor that runs at 25MHz. In addition to bandwidth and clock speed, microprocessors are classified as being either RISC (reduced instruction set computer) or CISC (complex instruction set computer). ማይክሮፕሮሰሰር
Microsoft Access database A collection of data and objects, such as tables, queries, or forms, related to a particular topic or purpose. The Microsoft Jet database engine manages the data. የማይክሮሶፍት አክሴስ ውሂብ ጎታ
Microsoft Excel A rely powerful, very user-friendly spreadsheet program. ማይክሮሶፍት ኤክሴል
Microsoft Exchange A message-management program capable of managing faxes and several types of electronic mail. ማይክሮሶፍት ኤክስቼንጅ
Microsoft Internet Assistant An HTML editor and Web browser add-on for Microsoft Word. Distributed free of charge, Microsoft Internet Assistant transforms Microsoft Word into a what-you-see-is-what-you-get (WYSIWYG) HTML editor. ማይክሮሶፍት ኢንተርኔት አሲስታንት
Microsoft Mail An electronic mail program especially adapt at handling communications on a local area network (LAN). ማይክሮሶፍት ሜይል
Microsoft Mouse A mouse and associated software for IBM and IBM PC-compatible personal computer. ማይክሮሶፍት መዳፊት
Microsoft Office Activation Wizard To fully use your Microsoft Office product, you need to activate it using the Microsoft Office Activation Wizard. If you fail to activate after installing the product, Office will go into Reduced Functionality Mode. In Reduced Functionality Mode, you will not be able to save modifications to documents, or create a new document, and additional functionality may be reduced. No existing Office files will be harmed while the product is in Reduced Functionality Mode. Also, through the Microsoft Office Activation Wizard, you may update or change your personal customer information held at Microsoft at any time either over the Internet or by telephone. ማይክሮሶፍት ኦፊስ አክቲቬሽን ዊዛርድ
Microsoft Office Professional A suite of application programs, published by Microsoft Corporation, that includes Microsoft Access in addition to the programs in Microsoft Office Standard. ማይክሮሶፍት ኦፊስ ፕሮፌሽናል
Microsoft Office Standard A suite of application programs, published by Microsoft Corporation, that includes Microsoft Word, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Power point, and Microsoft Mail. ማይክሮሶፍት ኦፊስ ስታንዳርድ
Microsoft Powerpoint A presentation application of Microsoft; member of Microsoft Office suite of applications ማይክሮሶፍት ፓወር ፖይንት
Microsoft Privacy policy Explanation of a user’s protection of private information. See also Privacy. ማይክሮሶፍት ግላዊ ፖሊሲ
Microsoft Product Support The name of Microsoft\'s product support service ማይክሮሶፍት ውጤት ድጋፍ
Microsoft Publisher A desktop publishing application of Microsoft; member of Microsoft Office suite of applications ማይክሮሶፍት ፐብሊሸር
Microsoft Script Editor Used to add text, edit HTML tags, and edit any Microsoft Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript) code in a data access page. You can also view your page in the Script Editor as it would appear in a Web browser. ማይክሮሶፍት እስክሪፕት አርታኢ
Microsoft SQL Server database A database in Microsoft SQL Server, it consists of tables, views, indexes, stored procedures, functions, and triggers. ማይክሮሶፍት ኤስኪውኤል አገልጋይ ውሂብ ጎታ
Microsoft Word A word processing application of Microsoft; member of Microsoft Office suite of applications ማይክሮሶፍት ወርድ
Middle A name that occurs between a person’s first name and surname. የአባት ስም
MIME type In the Multipurpose Internet Multimedia Extensions (MIME), a code that specifies the content type of multimedia file. ሚሜ አይነት
Minicomputer A multi-user computer designed to meet the needs of a small company or a department. ሚኒ ኮምፒውተር
Minimize To make a window its smallest size. አሳንስ
Minimize button In Windows 3.x, Windows 9x, Windows NT, and Windows 2000, a button in the upper right-hand corner of a window that when clicked hides the window. In Windows 3.x and Windows NT 3.5 and lower, an icon appears on the desktop that represents the window; in Windows 95, Windows NT 4.0, and later versions, the name of the window appears on the taskbar at the bottom of the desktop screen. When the icon or the name is clicked, the window is restored to its previous size. ማሳነሻ አዝራር
minimum installation An installation where only the necessary components are installed on a system. አስፈላጊ ጭነት
minor gridlines Lines extending from the tick marks on an axis across the plot area, corresponding to the finer unit of measurement of a chart - for example, millimeters. As opposed to major gridlines, extending from the tick marks corresponding to the major (coarse) units. ደቂቅ ፍርግርግ መስመሮች
minus sign Character: - የመቀነስ ምልክት
miscellaneous Made up of a variety of parts or ingredients. Having a variety of characteristics, abilities, or appearances. Concerned with diverse subjects or aspects. በያይነቱ
mix 1) The Microsoft PhotoDraw native file format. Saving a picture in MIX format maintains all the objects in the picture as separate objects, allowing you to edit the individual objects when you reopen the file. 2) To combine (two or more audio tracks or channels) to produce a composite audio recording. ሚክስ
Mixed cell reference A cell reference in which the column reference is absolute but the row reference is relative ($A9), or in which the row reference is absolute but the column reference is relative (A$9). የተቀላቀለ የህዋስ ማጣቀሻ
mode A particular state of interaction, often exclusive in some way to other forms of interaction. ሁነታ
mode A 16-bit word associated with every file in the file system, stored in the inode. The least-significant 12 bits of the mode determine the read, write, and execute permissions for the file owner, file group, and all others, and contain the set-user-ID, set-group-ID, and ``sticky\'\' (save text image after execution) bits. ሁነታ
model A mathematical or graphical representation of a real-world situation or object-for example, a mathematical model of the distribution of matter in the universe, a spreadsheet (numeric) model of business operations, or a graphical model of a molecule. Models can generally be changed or manipulated so that their creators can see how the real version might be affected by modifications or varying conditions. ሞዴል
modem A device that allows computer information to be transmitted and received over a telephone line. The transmitting modem translates digital computer data into analog signals that can be carried over a phone line. The receiving modem translates the analog signals back to digital form. ሞደም
modem Acronym for modulator-demodulator; An electronic interface card that fits into a computer to connect with telephone line. Eg., internal (to the computer) modem, external modem ሞደም
modifier key A keyboard key that when pressed, changes the actions of normal input. ለዋጭ ቁልፍ
modify To change in form or character; alter. ቀይር
module A collection of declarations, statements, and procedures stored together as one named unit. ሞዱል
monitor The hardware device containing the display. ማሳያ
Monochrome monitor A monitor that displays one color against a black or white background. ቀለመ አንድ ማሳያ
Monochrome printer A printer that can generate output in black, white, and shades of gray, but not color. ቀለመ አንድ ማተሚያ
More Sometimes a button in dialogs that gives you \"More\" of something (e.g. information, or options). ተጨማሪ
More Colors a command to provide choice of more colors ተጨማሪ ቀለማት
More Details A command to provide more details of an item ተጨማሪ ዝርዝሮች
More Info A command to provide more information about an item ተጨማሪ መረጃ
More Windows A command to open additional windows to view in multiple window applications like Microsoft Internet Explorer ተጨማሪ መስኮቶች
mountable file system A removable blocked file system contained on some mass storage medium with its own root directory and an independent hierarchy of directories and files. See block special file and mount(1M). ተነቃይ ሥርዓተ ፋይል
mouse A commonly used input device that has one or more buttons that can be used to interact with a computer. It is also used as a generic term to include other pointing devices that operate similarly (for example, trackballs). መዳፊት
mouse button On a mouse, a movable piece that is pressed to activate some function. Older mouse models have only one button; newer models typically have two or more buttons. የመዳፊት አዝራር
mouse click To select items or choose commands on the screen, the user presses one of the mouse\'s buttons, producing a \"mouse click.\" የመዳፊት ጠቅታ
Mouse elbow A painful repetitive strain injury (RSI), similar to tennis elbow, that\'s produced by lifting one\'s hand repeatedly to manipulate a mouse. ህመም ሰበበ መዳፊት
mouse pointer In graphical user interfaces, a pointer is a small arrow or other symbol on the display screen that moves as you move the mouse. You can select commands and options by positioning the tip of the arrow over the desired choice and clicking a mouse button. ጠቋሚ መዳፊት
Move To change the location of አንቀሳቅስ
move down Noun. A command or instruction to transfer information from one location to another (moving down). ዝቅ አድርግ
Move Up To move upwards (as in a folder tree) ከፍ አድርግ
movie clip A portion of a movie የፊልም ቅንጣቢ
MS-DOS An operating system used on all personal computers and compatibles. As with other operating systems, such as OS/2, it translates user keyboard input into operations the computer can perform. MS-DOS can be easily accessed by using the command prompt, while MS-DOS-based programs can be accessed through the use of shortcuts on the desktop. ኤምኤስ ዶስ
msqid See message queue identifier. የመልእክት ሰልፍ መለያ
Multi launching In LAN, the opening of an application program by more than one user at a time. ከፈታ ብዙ
Multicasting The routing of a single message to two or more workstations. ብዙ ስምሪት
Multilevel sort In database management, a sort operation that uses two or more data fields to determine the order in which data records are arranged. እርከነ ብዙ ደርድር
multilingual Being able to use several languages in the application / system. ልሳነ ብዙ
multimedia The use of computers to present text, graphics, video, animation, and sound in an integrated way. Long touted as the future revolution in computing, multimedia applications were, until the mid-90s, uncommon due to the expensive hardware required. With increases in performance and decreases in price, however, multimedia is now commonplace. Nearly all PCs are capable of displaying video, though the resolution available depends on the power of the computer\'s video adapter and CPU. ማህደረ ብዙ መረጃ
Multiple document interface (MDI) A user interface that allows the uses two or more data fields to determine the order in which data records are arranged. ሰነድ ብዙ በይነገጽ (ሰብበገ)
multiple selection Multiple selection: The process of selecting nonadjacent and adjacent files and objects. ምርጫ ብዙ
Multiscanning monitor A color monitor that can adjust to a rate of input frequency so that it can work with a variety of display adapter. ቅኝተ ብዙ ማሳያ
multi-user environment Refers to environments running on computer systems that support two or more simultaneous users. All mainframes and minicomputers are multi-user systems, but most personal computers and workstations are not. Another term for multi-user is time sharing. ተገልጋየ ብዙ ሁኔታዎች
multiuser state The condition of the HP-UX operating system in which terminals (in addition to the system console) allow communication between the system and its users. By convention, multiuser run level is set at state 2, which is usually defined to contain all the terminal processes and daemons needed in a multiuser environment. Run levels are table driven, and are specified by init(1M), which sets the run level by looking at the file /etc/inittab. Do not confuse the multiuser system with the multiuser state. A multiuser system is a system which can have more than one user actively communicating with the system when it is in the multiuser state. The multiuser state removes the single-user restriction imposed by the single-user state (see single-user state, inittab(4)). ብዙ ተጠቃሚ የማስተናገድ ሁኔታ
mute To temporarily turn off the sound - like the mute button on a TV ድምፀ-ከል አድርግ
My Computer Item on Start menu in Windows and name of a folder on the desktop. Gives access to, and information about, the disk drives, cameras, scanners, and other hardware connected to your computer. ኮምፒውተሬ
My Documents Item on Start menu in Windows and name of a folder on the desktop. Opens the My Documents folder, where you can store letters, notes, reports, and other types of documents. ሰነዶቼ
My Music Item on Start menu in Windows. Opens the My Music folder where you can store music and other audio files. ሙዚቃዬ
My Network Places Item on Start menu in Windows and name of a folder on the desktop. Gives access to, and information about, folders and files on other computers. የአውታረ መረቤ ቦታዎች
My Pictures Item on Start menu in Windows. Opens the My Pictures folder, where you can store digital photos and images, and graphic files. ስእሎቼ
My Recent Documents Item on Start menu in Windows and name of folder in Save and Open dialogs in programs. Contains a list of the most recently used files. የቅርብ ጊዜ ሰነዶቼ